Stock Trading Terms Every Trader Needs to Know - Discount Stocks

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Thursday, March 19, 2020

Stock Trading Terms Every Trader Needs to Know

37 Stock Market Terms that Every Trader Should Know to Succeed



I'm big on seeing to it you recognize the fundamentals before you begin investing in cent stocks. That's why I motivate people to sign up for my Trading Difficulty. You learn the basics initially and afterwards remain to broaden on that knowledge throughout the program.


Here are some stock market terms that you must understand if you wish to be a profitable investor. I'll likewise give brief meanings of each to help you come to be accustomed to them. Discover them all.

What Is the Stock exchange?
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The stock market is any kind of exchange that permits individuals to buy and sell supplies as well as business to issue stocks. A stock represents the business's equity, and also shares are pieces of the firm.
Let's look at several of one of the most essential securities market terms you'll run into as you discover how to trade stocks. Feel free to bookmark this page so you can go back to it later on as a helpful recommendation.



Stock Market for Dummies - 37 Terms Every Trader Needs to Know
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For instance, if I buy 2,000 shares of Apple stock at $190 and sell it six months later for $210 per share, I’ll make money. If Apple tanks (which isn’t likely), I could lose money, in which case I’d want to sell quickly to limit my losses.

What Do Stock Trading Terms Mean?

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Stock market terms are industry-specific jargon for the securities industry. When experts and amateurs talk about trading stocks, they use these stock market terms to speak specifically about strategies, charts, patterns, indices, and other elements of the stock trading industry.
Learning stock market terms will allow you to accelerate the learning process. I tell my Trading Challenge students over and over again to do their research first. If you’re knowledgeable about the stock market, you stand to profit far more than if you trade based on instinct or “hot picks.”

Some stock market terms — such as bull and bear, which I’ll cover below — also apply to other investment vehicles, such as real estate. I’m only going to cover their relationship to stocks, but you might see them pop up in other conversations.

37 Key Basic Stock Market Terms

Let’s look at some of the most important stock market terms you’ll encounter as you learn how to trade stocks. Feel free to bookmark this page so you can return to it later as a handy reference.

1. Annual Report

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An annual report is a report prepared by a company that’s intended to impress shareholders. It contains tons of information about the company, from its cash flow to its management strategy. When you read an annual report, you’re judging the company’s solvency and financial situation.

2. Arbitrage

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Arbitrage pertains to buying and selling the same security on different markets and at different price points. For instance, if stock XYZ is selling at $10 on one market and $10.50 on another, the trader could buy X shares for $10 and sell them for $10.50 on the other market, pocketing the difference.

3. Averaging Down

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When an investor purchases more of a stock as the price goes down. This makes it so your average purchase price drops. You might use this approach if you believe that the general agreement about a company is wrong, so you expect the stock price to rebound later.

4. Bear Market



Bear Market Stock Market Terms
Gold cast statuette depicting a stylized bull and a bear in dramatic contrasting light representing a financial market trends created by Inked Pixels – Shutterstock.com

Trading talk for the stock market is in a descending trend, or a period of falling stock prices. This is the opposite of a bull market. If a stock price plummets, it’s very bearish.

5. Beta

A measurement of the relationship within the price of a stock and the flow of the whole market. If stock XYZ has a beta of 1.5, that means that for every 1 point move in the market, stock XYZ moves 1.5 points, and vice versa.

6. Blue Chip Stocks

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The stocks behind large, industry-leading firms. Blue chip stocks offer a stable record of considerable returns repayments and have an online reputation of absolute monetary administration. The expression is thought to have actually been derived from blue betting chips, which is the highest possible denomination of chips made use of in online casinos.

7. Bourse

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This stock market term is a little murky. Technically, it’s just another name for the stock market and arises from a house in which wealthy men gathered to trade shares. However, when you hear it in today’s communications about the stock market, it usually either refers to the Paris stock exchange or to a non-U.S. stock exchange.

8. Bull Market



tim sykes wall street bull
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When the stock market as a whole is in a prolonged period of increasing stock prices. It’s the opposite of a bear market. A single stock can be bullish or bearish too, as can a sector, which I’ll describe later on.

9. Broker

A person who buys or sells an investment for you in exchange for a commission.

10. Bid

The bid is the amount of money a trader is willing to pay per share for a given stock. It’s balanced against the ask price, which is what a seller wants per share of that same stock, and the spread is the difference between those two prices.

11. Close

The NYSE and Nasdaq close at 4 p.m., with after-hours trading continuing until 8 p.m. The close simply refers to the time at which a stock exchange closes to trading.

12. Day Trading

The technique of buying and selling within the same trading day, prior to the close of the marketplaces on that day, is called day trading. This is my key trading strategy, although I have a long-lasting portfolio, too. Investors that take part in day trading are typically called "energetic investors" or "day investors."

13. Dividend

A section of a company's earnings that is paid to investors, or individuals that possess that business's stock, on a quarterly or annual basis. Not all companies pay dividends. For instance, if you trade penny supplies, you're most likely not after returns.

14. Exchange



Exchange Stock Market Terms



A place in which various investments are traded. The most popular exchanges in the United States are the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the Nasdaq.

15. Execution

When an order to purchase or market has been finished, the investor has actually executed the transaction. If you place in an order to offer 100 shares, this indicates that all 100 shares have actually been sold.

16. Haircut

In its most simplest securities market terms, a haircut is a very slim spread in between the bid as well as ask rates of a provided supply. It can likewise refer to a circumstance in which a supply cost obtains decreased by a particular portion for margin trades or various other functions.

17. High

A high describes a market turning point in which a stock or index gets to a higher cost point than formerly. Videotape highs can signify that a stock or index has actually never ever reached the present cost factor, however there are additionally time-constrained highs, such as 30-day highs.

18. Index

A standard that is used as a recommendation pen for traders and also profile supervisors. A 10 percent return may sound great, however if the market index returned 12 percent, after that you didn't do extremely well because you can have just purchased an index fund and saved time by not trading regularly. Examples are the Dow Jones Industrial Average and Standard & Poor's 500.

19. Initial Public Offering (IPO)

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An IPO is the first sale or offering of a stock by a firm to the general public. It occurs when a business makes a decision to go public rather than remain solely had by exclusive or inside investors. The Stocks Exchange Commission (SEC) has strict policies that business have to comply with before releasing an IPO.

20. Leverage

I'm not a follower of leverage, yet it benefits you to understand this stock market term. When you use take advantage of, you obtain shares in a stock from your broker with the objective of raising your revenue. If you obtain shares as well as sell them all at a greater cost point, you return the shares as well as maintain the distinction. It's a hazardous game that I advise you to avoid playing.


21. Low

Low is the reverse of high. It represents a lower price point for a supply or index.

22. Margin

A margin account allows a person borrow money (secure a financing, basically) from a broker to acquire a financial investment. The distinction in between the amount of the lending and also the price of the protections is called the margin.


Trading on margin can be harmful since, if you're wrong concerning the direction in which the supply will go, you can lose significant cash. You need to often preserve a minimal balance in a margin account.

23. Moving Average

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A stock's ordinary price-per-share throughout a specific amount of time is called its moving standard. Some common time frames to research in terms of a stock's moving ordinary consist of 50- and 200-day moving standards.

24. Open

In the US, the stock market opens at 9:30 a.m. Eastern time every day. It's based on the trading hours of the Nasdaq as well as NYSE. Pre-market trading hours start at 4:30 a.m. Eastern, yet most traders do not start focusing up until concerning 8 a.m. Basically, open refers to the time at which people can begin trading on a certain exchange.

25. Order

An investor’s bid to buy or sell a certain amount of stock or option agreements represents an order. You have to put an order in to buy or sell 100 shares of stock, for instance.

26. Pink Sheet Stocks



Pink Sheet Stocks Stock Market Terms
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The term “pink sheets” refers most commonly to penny stocks, which are traded at $5 per share or less. They’re also called over-the-counter stocks because that’s how they are traded. You won’t find them on the Nasdaq or NYSE, or any other major exchange, and they’re often smaller companies.

27. Portfolio

A collection of investments owned by an investor comprises his/her portfolio. You can have as couple of as one supply in a portfolio, yet you can also own an infinite quantity of supplies or other protections.

28. Quote

Information on a stock's most recent trading price tells you its quote. This is occasionally delayed by 20 minutes unless you're utilizing a real broker trading system.

29. Rally


A fast boost in the general price level of the marketplace or of the cost of a stock is known as a rally. Relying on the overall setting, it could be called a bull rally or a bear rally. In a bearish market, upward fads of as low as 10 percent can qualify as a rally.


30. Sector

A group of stocks that are in the exact same sector come from the exact same field. An instance would be the innovation sector, which includes companies like Apple as well as Microsoft. Some traders favor to trade in a certain industry, such as power, due to the fact that they recognize the market well and also can better forecast supply cost changes.

31. Share Market

Any market in which shares of a particular firm are dealt. The stock market is an instance-- and most likely the most considerable instance-- of a share market.

32. Short Selling

When you short-sell a stock, you borrow shares from another person with the assurance to return them at a point later on. You then offer the stock for a revenue. It's a way to make use of a supply that you believe will reduce in price. After you sell short, you can redeem the shares at the lower cost factor as well as take the distinction in cost as your profit.

I utilize short selling regularly. It's often a wise relocate an unstable market if you see patterns that indicate a sharp downward turn for a stock.

33. Spread

This is the distinction in between the bid and the ask rates of a stock, or the quantity for which someone agrees to buy it and the quantity for which someone agrees to market it. For instance, if an investor wants to trade XYZ stock for $10 and a purchaser wants to pay $9 for it, the spread is $1.


34. Stock Symbol

A stock icon is a one- to four-character alphabetic origin sign that stands for an openly traded business on a stock exchange. Apple's supply icon is AAPL, while Walmart's is WMT.

35. Volatility

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The price activities of a supply or the stock exchange as a whole. Extremely volatile supplies are those with extreme day-to-day backwards and forwards activities as well as broad intraday trading arrays. This is usually usual with supplies that are thinly traded or have reduced trading quantities.

I'm a large fan of high-volatility stocks because I can make a large earnings off spikes or dips, depending upon exactly how I'm trading, in a brief amount of time. High volatility often makes trading much more interesting, yet it's additionally risky if you're unskilled.

36. Volume

The number of shares of stock traded during a specific period, typically measured in average daily trading volume. Quantity can additionally imply the number of shares you purchase of a given stock. For example, purchasing 2,000 shares of a company is a higher-volume purchase than purchasing 20 shares.

37. Yield

Typically describes the procedure of the return on a financial investment that is obtained from the settlement of a returns. This is established by separating the yearly reward quantity by the rate paid for the stock. If you bought stock XYZ for $40 per share and it pays a $1.00-per-year reward, you have a "return" of 2.5 percent.

The Bottom Line

Recognizing your stock market terms will certainly make you a much better trader. It requires time to realize the complexities of safeties trading, once you do, the stock market terms above will certainly become part of your everyday vocabulary.

I urge you to quiz yourself on stock market terms till you're extremely knowledgeable about them all. You can also explore various other stock market terms as they appear in your study so you don't obtain confused.
If you have an interest in learning how to trade stocks, consider looking for the Trading Difficulty. I'm presently searching for my next successful pupil, as well as I look forward to collaborating with you in the future.


Make money on a new career in Polyurea!







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